Dental health is a vital part of your pet’s overall health, and dental issues will cause, or be caused by, different health issues. Your pet’s teeth and gums ought to be checked a minimum of once a year by your vet to examine for early signs of dental issues and to maintain your pet’s mouth healthy.

What is veterinary medicine, and who should perform it?

Veterinary odontology includes the cleansing, adjustment, filing, extraction, or repair of your pets’ teeth and all other aspects of oral health care. These procedures ought to be performed by a veterinary surgeon or a board-certified veterinary dental practitioner. Subject to state or provincial regulation, veterinary technicians are allowed to perform certain dental procedures under the supervision of a veterinarian.

The first step is an oral examination of your pet’s mouth by our veterinary. Radiographs (x-rays) could also be required to judge the health of the jaw and also the tooth roots below the gum line. Because most dental problems begin below the gum line, where you can’t see it, a thorough dental cleaning and evaluation are performed under anesthesia. Dental cleanup includes scaling (to take away plaque and tartar) and polishing, similar to the process used on your own teeth during your regular dental cleanings.

Oral health in dogs and cats your pet’s teeth need to be checked a minimum of once a year by your physician for early signs of any issues and to maintain your pet’s mouth healthy.

Have your pet’s teeth checked sooner if you observe any of below problems:

• Bad breath
• Broken or loose teeth
• Extra teeth or retained baby teeth
• Teeth that are discolored or covered in tartar • abnormal mastication, drooling or dropping food from the mouth • reduced appetite or refusal to eat
• pain in or around the mouth
• bleeding from the mouth
• swelling in the areas surrounding the mouth

Some pets become irritable once they have dental issues, and any changes in your pet’s behavior ought to prompt a visit to your veterinary surgeon. Always take care if evaluating your pet’s mouth, as a result of a painful animal can bite.

Causes of pet dental problems

Although cavities are less common in pets than in humans, they will have several similar dental issues that humans can develop:

• Broken teeth and roots
• Periodontal disease
• Abscesses or infected teeth
• Cysts or tumors in the mouth
• Malocclusion, or misalignment of the teeth and bite
• Broken (fractured) jaw
• Palate defects (such as cleft palate)

Periodontal disease is the most common dental condition in dogs and cats. Early detection and treatment are vital to avoid severe issues and pain for your pet. Periodontal disease doesn’t just affect your pet’s mouth. Other health issues found in association with the periodontitis also affects the kidneys, liver, and cardiac muscle changes.